ἐφίημι

ἐφίημι, [dialect] Ion. ἐπ-, [dialect] Dor. [ per.] 3sg.
A

ἐφίητι Pi.I.2.9

, [dialect] Ion. [ per.] 3pl.

ἐπιεῖσι Hdt.4.30

: [tense] fut.

ἐφήσω Od. 13.376

: [tense] aor. 1 ind. ἐφῆκα, [dialect] Ep.

ἐφέηκα 9.38

, lon.

ἐπῆκα Hdt.5.63

; in other moods [tense] aor. 2 forms were used, imper.

ἔφες Il.5.174

; [dialect] Ep. subj.

ἐφείω 1.567

, [ per.] 2sg.

ἐφῇς S.El.554

, opt.

ἐφείην Il.18.124

; [dialect] Ion. inf.

ἐπειναι Hdt.2.100

; part.

ἐφείς S.Aj.495

(v.l.), etc.:—[voice] Med., [tense] pres. inf.

ἐφίεσθαι Antipho 5.79

; part.

ἐφιέμενος Od.13.7

: [tense] fut.

ἐφήσομαι Il.23.82

: [tense] aor. 2

ἐφεῖτο S.Ph.619

:—[voice] Pass., [tense] pf. ἐφέωται and

ἐφεῖται Hsch.

: [ἐφῐημι [dialect] Ep., ἐφῑημι [dialect] Att.; yet Hom. always uses ἐφιείς, ἐφίει, ἐφῑέμενος with [pron. full] [ῑ], exc.

ἐφῐει Od.24.180

]:—send to one,

Πριάμῳ . . Ἶριν ἐφήσω Il.24.117

; μ' ἐφέηκε . . καλέειν sent me to call, A.R.1.712.
2 in Hom., c. inf., set on, incite to do,

ἠλεός, ὅς τ' ἐφέηκε πολύφρονά περ μάλ' ἀεῖσαι Od.14.464

; so ἐ. τινὰ ἐχθοδοπῆσαι, χαλεπῆναι, στοναχῆσαι, Il.1.518
, 18.108,124.
3 of things, throw or launch at one,

ὅς τοι πρῶτος ἐφῆκε βέλος 16.812

;

ἄλλοις ἐφίει βέλεα Od.24.180

, etc.; [ἔγχος], μελίην, Il.20.346
, 21.170;

οἰστὸν ἐπί τινι E.Med.632

(lyr.); ἐ. χεῖράς τινι to lay hands on him,

μνηστῆρσιν ἀναιδέσι χεῖρας ἐφήσω Od.20.39

, cf.Il.1.567, etc.
4 of events, destinies, etc., send upon one,

τοῖσιν ἀεικέα πότμον ἐφῆκε 4.396

, etc.;

Ἀργείοισι πολύστονα κήδε' ἐφῆκεν 1.445

, cf. 21.524;

μνηστήρεσσιν ἄεθλον τοῦτον ἐφήσω Od. 19.576

; νόστον . . , ὅν μοι Ζεὺς ἐφέηκε which he hath laid upon me, 9.38; so

πάντ' ἐφήσω μόρον A.Eu.502

(lyr.);

τέκνοις ἀρὰς ἐ. Id.Th.786

(lyr.).
5 send against, in hostile sense,

τῷ στρατοπέδῳ τὴν ἵππον Hdt.5.63

;

τὴν ἵππον ἐπὶ τοὺς Ἕλληνας Id.9.49

;

ἡνίοχοι ἐφίεσαν ὠκέας ἵππους Hes.Sc.307

;

στρατὸν ἐς πεδία E.Heracl.393

.
6 let in, freq. of water,

ἐπεῖναι τὸν ποταμὸν ἐπὶ τὴν χώρην Hdt.7.130

, cf. 2.100;

τὸ ὕδωρ ἐπὶ τὴν ἔσοδον Id.7.176

; also

ἐ. ἀκτῖνα Θήβαισι E.Ph.5

;

ἀγέλας ἐπὶ τὰ χωρία X.Cyr.1.1.2

; ἄγαν ἐφῆκας γλώσσαν did'st let loose, E. Andr.954;

ὀργήν τινι ἐ. Pl.Lg.731d

.
7 throw into,

ἐς λέβητ' ἐφῆκεν ἕψεσθαι μέλη E.Cyc.404

.
II let go, loosen, esp. the rein,

ἐ. καὶ χαλάσαι τὰς ἡνίας τοῖς λόγοις Pl.Prt.338a

; οὐρία ἐφέντα (abs.) ibid.; πᾶσαν ἐφεὶς ὀθόνην [τῷ ἀνέμῳ] AP10.1 (Leon.), cf.A.R.2.934.
b give up, yield,

τινὶ τὴν ἡγεμονίαν Th.1.95

;

πάντ' ἐφέντες ἡδονήν E.Fr. 564

; allow,

τἆλλα τοῖς δούλοις Arist.Pol.1264a21

.
c c. inf., permit, allow,

τινὶ ὀνειδίσαι Hdt.1.90

, cf.3.113;

σοί γ' ἐφῆκα πᾶν λέγειν S.El. 631

; ἢν ἐφῇς μοι (sc. λέγειν) ib.554, cf. 556,649: c. acc. et inf.,

τοὺς νεωτέρους ἐ. διώκειν X.Cyr.4.2.24

(v.l. for ἀφ-):—[voice] Pass., ἐφεθήσεταί τινι c. inf., Luc.Pr.Im.24.
d command, Pi.I.2.9 (v.infr.B).
2 give up, leave as a prey,

ἐφῆκεν ἐλλοῖς ἰχθύσιν διαφθοράν S.Aj.1297

, cf. 495 (v.l.);

τὴν ἀποσκευὴν ἐ. τοῖς στρατιώταις διαρπάσαι D.S.14.75

; intr. (sc. ἑαυτόν), give oneself up to,

ἰσχυρῷ γέλωτι Pl.R.388e

; [παιδιᾷ] Id.Ti.59c.
III put the male to the female,

ἐπῆκε ὀχεῦσαι τὸν ἵππον Hdt.3.85

, cf. 4.30, Arist.HA630b33.
IV as law-term, leave to another to decide, refer,

δίκας ἐ. εἴς τινας D.40.31

; εἰς δικαστήριον ibid.; ἐ. τινὰ εἰς τὸ δικαστήριον refer him to . . ,
Id.34.21; (sc. ἑαυτόν) appeal,

εἰς τοὺς δικαστάς Id.29.59

;

ἐπί τινα Luc.

Bis Acc.4;

εἰς ἕτερον δικαστήριον Id.Herm.30

;

ἀπό τινος D.C.64.2

: abs., Id.37.27.
B [voice] Med., lay one's command or behest upon,

ὑμέων δ' ἀνδρὶ ἑκάστῳ ἐφιέμενος τάδε εἴρω Od.13.7

, cf. Il.23.82
, 24.300;

ἐπιστολὰς ἅς σοι πατὴρ ἐφεῖτο A.Pr.4

; πρός τι τοῦτ' ἐφίεσαι; S.OT766: c. inf.,

ἐ. τινὶ ἀγγεῖλαι Id.El.1111

, cf. Ar.V.242; χαίρειν τἀλλ' ἐγώ σ' ἐ. I bid thec have thy will, S.Aj.112, cf. A.Ch.1039: abs.,

ὡς ἐφίεσαι Id.Pers.228

(troch.), cf.E.IT1483; ἐ. ἐς Λακεδαίμονα send or ders to . . , Th.4.108.
2 allow or permit one to do,

κάρα τέμνειν ἐφεῖτο τῷ θέλοντι S.Ph.619

; f.l. for ὑφ- in X.An.6.6.31, etc.
II c. gen., aim at, καλῶν lsoc.2.25;

ἀγαθοῦ τινος Arist.EN1094a2

, etc.; in fighting, τῶν προσώπων, τῶν ὅψεων, Plu.Pomp.71, Caes.45.
2 long for, desire, τί μοι τῶν δυσφόρων ἐφίῃ; S.El.143 (lyr.); τί . . ἐφίεσαι φιλοτιμίας; E.Ph.531;

τῶν ἀλλοτρίων Antipho 5.79

; τῶν κερδῶν, ἀρχῆς, Th.1.8,128;

τῶν ἐν Σικελίᾳ ἀγαθῶν Id.4.61

;

ἰσότητος Arist.Pol.1302a25

: c. gen. pers., X.Mem.4.1.2: c. inf.,

ὧν . . σου τυχεῖν ἐφίεμαι ἄκουσον S.Ph.1315

;

ἐ. ἄρξειν Th.6.6

codd. (leg. ἄρξαι): c. acc. et inf., S.OT1055.

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

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  • ἐφίημι — send to pres ind act 1st sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • εφίημι — (Α ἐφίημι και ιων. τύπος ἐπίημι) νεοελλ. (μόνο το μέσ.) εφίεμαι επιθυμώ θέλω, ποθώ, κατέχομαι από επιθυμία μσν. αρχ. μέσ. ἐφίεμαι αποβλέπω σε κάτι αρχ. 1. στέλνω σε κάποιον 2. παρακινώ, παροτρύνω, παρορμώ σε κάτι 3. (για πράγματα και ειδ. για το… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • ἐπίετε — ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd pl (ionic) ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 2nd pl (ionic) ἐφίημι send to pres ind act 2nd pl (ionic) ἐπί̱ετε , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd pl (ionic) ἐπΐετε , ἐφίημι send to aor imperat act 2nd pl ἐπΐετε ,… …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφίετε — ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 2nd pl ἐφίημι send to pres ind act 2nd pl ἐφί̱ετε , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd pl ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 2nd pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφίης — ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd sg (homeric ionic) ἐφίημι send to pres ind act 2nd sg ἐφί̱ης , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd sg ἐφί̱ης , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd sg (doric aeolic) ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 2nd sg (doric aeolic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφίει — ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 2nd sg ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 2nd sg ἐφί̱ει , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 3rd sg (attic epic) ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 3rd sg (attic epic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφίεσθε — ἐφίημι send to imperf ind mp 2nd pl ἐφίημι send to pres imperat mp 2nd pl ἐφίημι send to pres ind mp 2nd pl ἐφί̱εσθε , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind mp 2nd pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐπιεῖσι — ἐφίημι send to pres ind act 3rd pl (attic epic doric ionic aeolic parad form prose) ἐφίημι send to pres part act masc/neut dat pl (ionic) ἐπϊεῖσι , ἐφίημι send to aor part act masc/neut dat pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐπιέτην — ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 3rd dual (ionic) ἐπῑέτην , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind act 3rd dual (ionic) ἐπϊέτην , ἐφίημι send to aor ind act 3rd dual (epic ionic) πίνω Aër. aor ind act 3rd dual …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐπιέτω — ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 3rd sg (ionic) ἐπϊέτω , ἐφίημι send to aor imperat act 3rd sg ἐφίημι send to pres imperat act 3rd sg (ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἐφιέμεθα — ἐφίημι send to imperf ind mp 1st pl ἐφίημι send to pres ind mp 1st pl ἐφῑέμεθα , ἐφίημι send to imperf ind mp 1st pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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